With the prevalence of Syndrome X or Metabolic Syndrome among people across the world, there has been a growing curiosity and interest regarding the same among common people. It is important to remember that it is not a single health condition. Rather a group of risk factors that can further improve the chances of developing health conditions such as heart diseases, diabetes, and even stroke. Having one of the risk factors doesn’t necessarily mean that the person has developed Syndrome X. However, the more one develops these conditions, the more they are at a health risk.
Let us discuss the various risk factors associated with Syndrome X or metabolic syndrome on this Healthcare engagement platform India.
Experts are unsure of the exact causes of metabolic syndrome. However, they have listed out the following crucial risk factors of metabolic syndrome.
The hormone insulin helps in generating energy from the glucose obtained from consumed food. Therefore, people who have developed insulin resistance, the cells in their body are unable to use insulin for this purpose. As a result, the pancreas in the body produces more insulin to match the levels of rising blood glucose levels. Over time, the ability of the pancreas to produce insulin decreases. Eventually, the person develops diabetes – a health condition characterized by higher levels of blood glucose.
As per experts, hormones might play a role in developing health conditions related to metabolic syndrome. They suggested that health condition such as polycystic ovary syndrome is associated with hormonal imbalance as well as Syndrome X.
Experts advised that people with abdominal obesity, where they have accumulated extra fat in the belly, are more likely at risk of metabolic syndrome. Women with 35 inches or more waist size and men with 40 inches or more waist size are largely at risk of developing heart diseases along with various other health conditions.
People leading an inactive life along with consuming unhealthy processed food can also develop metabolic syndrome.
Higher levels of triglyceride increase the risk of heart disease. It is also considered as a risk factor for metabolic syndrome. The higher level of triglyceride is represented by a level of 150 mg/dL or higher. People who are on medication to control triglyceride are also at risk of metabolic syndrome.
Experts consider higher blood pressure as a risk factor for Syndrome X.
High-density lipoproteins or HDL cholesterol removes cholesterol from different parts of the body and carries it to the liver. The liver then removes it from the body. Hence HDL is regarded as ‘good cholesterol. A lower level of HDL, about less than 50mg/dL in women and less than 40 mg/dL for men can act as a risk factor for developing metabolic syndrome. People who are consuming medication for managing their HDL levels are also at risk of metabolic syndrome.
Many researchers are still carrying out studies on the following conditions that they think can contribute to metabolic syndrome.
As mentioned earlier, metabolic syndrome is a group of risk factors that lead to various health complications. Therefore, people having metabolic syndrome or Syndrome X can develop the following disorders.
If proper measures are not taken, excess weight can lead to insulin resistance which can further lead to higher levels of blood glucose. As a result, patients will develop type 2 diabetes.
Metabolic syndrome can increase the risk of ischemic heart disease. Higher levels of cholesterol, as well as high levels of blood pressure, can cause plaques to build up in the arteries. These can narrow down the arteries leading to a heart attack or stroke.
To prevent the development of metabolic syndrome, it is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle as long as you live. It includes bringing the following changes in your life
If you are diagnosed with any of the risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome, you need not panic. By dedicatedly following the above-mentioned lifestyle changes, you can not only delay the development of serious health conditions but also may even be able to prevent them.
Stay updated, stay safe and protected by following these health tips. For more such updates, check out our online health platform India, iieHealth.