Toxoplasmosis can be defined as a kind of infection that happens because of a parasite. This particular parasite is referred to as Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii). It is found in undercooked meat as well as in the excreta of cats. In terms of meats, this parasite is especially common in venison, pork, and lamb. It can be transmitted through contaminated water as well. The infection can be fatal.
So, here on this web health portal, we will find out the details of this disease.
Symptoms of Toxoplasmosis
In most cases, if you have been infected by this parasite you would not exhibit any signs or symptoms as such. However, in certain cases, you may have a fever, headache, sore throat, etc.
You may also experience pains and aches in your muscles, and your lymph nodes – especially ones in your neck – could get swollen as well. Normally, these symptoms last for around 30 days.
Causes of Toxoplasmosis
As mentioned earlier, the parasite T. gondii, is mostly found in raw or undercooked meat. Contaminated water too can transmit the same in your body. In some rare cases, however, the transmission could happen because of an organ transplant or blood transfusion. This parasite can be found in feces as well.
What is the available diagnosis?
Normally the doctors conduct blood tests to check if there are antibodies in your system that can counteract Toxoplasmosis or not. If you have ever been exposed to this parasite your system will have antibodies for the same. The test results will show the same as well.
This infection can especially be a threat to pregnant women because it can be really serious and even fatal for the babies in their wombs. Even if your baby survives the infection, important organs such as the brain, eyes, heart, and lungs could be severely affected by the same.
These babies may also experience seizures and its recurrence may delay their physical and mental growth.
Treatment of Toxoplasmosis
Normally if Toxoplasmosis has not caused any symptoms and even if they are mild your doctor may not recommend any treatment as such. This shows that your system itself is healthy enough to counteract the issues even if there are any. However, in case it becomes a severe and persistent one and affects internal organs and eyes then the doctors could prescribe medicines.
The outlook in the case of such infections is dependent on several factors. Pregnant women affected with this infection should work with their doctor to form a treatment plan. Babies who are born with this infection could be treated for as much as a year after birth.
How can it be prevented?
There are ways in which this infection can be prevented. You need to wash all fresh food items before you eat them or cook all your meat well enough. Utensils used for storing or cooking raw meat should be cleaned properly. Also, if you clean cat litter, make sure you wash your hands properly afterward. Pregnant women should avoid doing any such work at all.
Toxoplasmosis can be deadly if it is neglected in the first instance. It is strictly recommended to see a doctor as soon as you experience any symptom of this deadly disease.
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