A cancer diagnosis is an important part of cancer treatment. The right diagnosis can lead to better treatment and cure.
New research has come up with a biodegradable gel. As per this research, this gel can stop cancer from recurring. The gel itself has been described to be a promising one. It is significant in this situation as numerous people around the world are suffering from various forms of cancer. As many forms of this dreaded disease are difficult to treat, this research can indeed be called a groundbreaking one in the truest sense of the term.
Let us find more about this topic on this healthcare news portal.
Destroying the Cancer cell with Biodegradable Gel
This biodegradable gel is expected to play a major role in terms of cancer treatment. Researchers, who have created the gel, state that it is capable of destroying cancerous cells.
This is the reason why it can stop the recurrence of cancer as well as metastasis. This is a major development in the field of developing new cancer treatment. The researchers at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts created this gel. They intend to apply it to the surgical site to deliver immunotherapy. They are applied in cases where surgery has been performed to remove a cancerous tumor. As is the case in these developments, the biodegradable gel was first tested on mice.
Initially, the tests were done to evaluate its effectiveness in the context of breast cancer surgical cases. The scientists discovered that the gel was successful in stopping the tumor from recurring at the primary site. At the same time, it was also able to do away with secondary tumors in the lung area. Michael Goldberg, Ph.D. (doctor of philosophy) serves in the Department of Cancer Immunology and Virology, which is a part of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute.
Dr. Goldberg has also served as a senior author in this particular study. The research findings were only recently reported in Science Translational Medicine journal. The American Cancer Society (ACS) has estimated that in 2018 at least 1.7 million new cases of cancer would be diagnosed in the United States of America. It also expects more than 60,000 people to lose their fight against this disease the same year itself. Certain kinds of cancer manifest themselves as solid tumors. The most prominent examples, in this case, are lung cancer and breast cancer.
The most basic way to treat such a disease is to surgically remove the tumors.
What are the issues with Immunotherapy?
Dr. Goldberg says that even after the tumor is removed surgically there is always a possibility that some cancerous cells may remain at that site. They can always grow later on and cause a new tumor to be formed. Worse still, they can spread to other parts of the body as well. This phenomenon is referred to in medical circles as metastasis. The doctor says that around 50 percent of cancer patients in all avail surgery to get well.
However, 40 percent of these patients also have the disease coming back within 5 years. He has also said that it is the natural healing capability of the body that can help the remaining cancer cells metastasize. Normally, in these cases, the body is trying to heal the wounds that happened because of the surgery. When these cells metastasize they can always spread to faraway parts of the body and form fresh tumors. The process of immunotherapy is one where drugs are used to help the immune system function well and attack the cancer cells remaining in the body after surgery.
It can stop metastasis as well as the recurrence of cancer. The treatment, though, has some serious issues as well. One of its biggest problems is that it can attack healthy cells along with the cancerous ones. This means that the patient can become vulnerable to other diseases as well. In this case, the researchers of this study tried to find out if administering the drugs at the right place and time could make cancer immunotherapy more effective or not. This is why they applied the drugs at the tumor removal site before the closing of the surgical wound and helps in the treatment.
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