Pulmonary embolism is also referred to as PE. In this health condition, the lung artery gets blocked suddenly. Sometimes a blood clot may occur in your leg. When it further travel through the bloodstream and reach the veins of your lungs, it may cause this form of blockage. Such a clot is also referred to in the medical lexicon as an embolus. This is a very serious condition as such and has the potential to damage parts of one’s lung and this happens because the lung tissue does not get proper blood flow because of said blockage.
The following are the common symptoms of Pulmonary Embolism.
At times when people suffer from PE, they may also experience anxiety. They may feel lightheaded and faint as well. Some other signs are quick breathing, a higher rate of heartbeats and sweating as well.
In case you experience any one of the above mentioned symptoms it is better to seek medical guidance. Quite often, it might also happen that you contract PE but do not reveal any of these signs and symptoms.
Normally PE owes its origins to DVT. When the blood clot responsible for causing DVT travels to your lungs through your bloodstream it can block an artery as well.
Several factors are responsible for causing development of blood clots in the deep veins of your legs. In most of the cases, it occurs when blood flow slows down and gets restricted. Usually, this happens when you are bed bound or are unable to move around because of various factors for a long period. Normally it could be so because you recently had surgery or when you are on a long road trip or flight as such. It could also happen if you are bedridden for a long period for some reason or the other.
People who can develop pulmonary embolism include:
The main objective of Pulmonary Embolism treatment is to:
The most effective and initial treatment for pulmonary embolisms is to provide oxygen therapy. Medication is primarily anticoagulant medications, such as heparin, enoxaparin, or warfarin. They are usually prescribed to treat the disease.
Also, clot-busting drugs called thrombolytic such as Activase, Retavase can be administered. The patients should take medications regularly for an indefinite amount of time, at least for 3 months.
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