High Blood Pressure or Hypertension is a health condition occurs when your blood pressure is higher than normal. Blood pressure is the amount of force put on artery walls as blood passes and moves through them. In the USA around 85 million people suffer from this particular ailment. This means that 1 in every 3 adults is afflicted by this.
Let us check out the details about this health condition on this digital health platform.
Causes of this disease
The two main causes of this health complication are – essential and secondary high blood pressure.
Having essential high blood pressure means that there is no established cause as such! If you suffer from latter it means that there is a definite cause for that. The biggest factors for hypertension are things such as age, family history, and temperature to name a few.
Signs and symptoms of High Blood Pressure
Normally, if you suffer from hypertension, at the initial stages there would not be any symptoms as such. This is the reason why it is also referred to as a silent killer. As soon as your blood pressure hits the 180/110 mmHg mark there are some evident symptoms such as a headache and nausea.
The right diet for this disease
If you can manage your diet, it would help you in not only preventing but also treating this health condition. This implies that you would have to eat many vegetables like cabbage, lettuce and fruits like avocado, kiwi, orange, guava and reduce the amount of salt in your diet.
The ranges of this disease
If you have had a blood pressure of more than 140/90 mmHg for a long period, you are suffering from hypertension. It has five major categories – hypotension, prehypertension, normal blood pressure, stage 1 and stage 2 hypertension. If the systolic pressure is more than 160 mmHg and diastolic pressure is more than 100 mmHg you are suffering from stage 2 hypertension.
How is this diagnosed?
The commonest instrument used to diagnose this medical condition is the sphygmomanometer. Apart from that urine and blood tests, exercise stress tests, electrocardiogram (ECG), Holter monitoring, and echocardiogram also come in handy in these cases. Normally, the doctors measure two kinds of pressure – systolic and diastolic. Systolic is measured when the heart is contracting and diastolic is the measurement of the blood pressure within heartbeats.
Treatment of High Blood Pressure
The treatment of hypertension depends on several factors such as it’s severity, and whether you have the risk of developing any condition or disease associated with it. If you are suffering from this type of complication your doctor may ask you to make some lifestyle changes. In these cases the chances of you contracting any heart disease are minimal. In case it is moderately high and the doctor believes that you have a 20 percent chance of contracting heart disease in the next 10 years they might ask you to take medicines.
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